l>Glossary of Middle ages Art and Architecture:types of capitals

Glossary of Medieval Art and ArchitectureTypes of Capital

capital
Decorative aspect that divides a column or pier fromthe masonry which it supports. Click on a picture listed below to acquire more information aboutthat form of resources.

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Types of Capital
block,cushion, or cubic capital: A simplecube-likeresources with bottom corners tapered. The block resources is particularlycharacteristic of Ottonian and Romanesque design in Germany type of andEngland also.
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Corinthian capital:A capital provided initially by the Greeks in a device of supports called the Corinthian order. It is decorated through 3 superenforced rows of sculpted foliage (acanthusleaves) approximately the capital. At the comers of the capital tbelow are little scroll-choose volutes.
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crocket capital:A streamlined adaptation of the Corinthian resources. The crocket funding was typically provided in the Gothic period
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foliate capital: A resources decorated with foliage elements.
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historiated or figured capital: A funding which is decorated with figures of pets, birds, or people, provided either alone or merged via foliage. The figures require not have any type of meaning, although they might be symbolic or part of a narrative sequence. Historiated resources were most typically provided in the Romanesque from the late eleventh to mid-twelfth centuries.

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Ionic capital: A capital used originally by the Greeks in a systemof supports referred to as the Ionic order. An Ionic funding has actually a volute, or a spiral scroll-prefer carving, on each side as its significant decoration. Ionic resources arefairly rare in medieval structures.
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