-Unlike Greece, Italy is not damaged up into small, isolated valleys-The Apennine hills are much less rugged 보다 those in Greece-Italy has broad, fertile plains in the North and also West, which supported the growing population


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Originally, the senate started with 300 patrician members. The Plebeians, that were farmers, merchants, and also artisans, had citizenship yet very little influence. Eventually, the senate allowed the plebeians to elected tribunes to protect their interests. Small by little, the plebeians forces the senate to pick plebeians together consuls and also to admit them as members of the senate.
Rome cure their beat enemies v justice. The conquered people had to recognize Roman leadership, pay taxes, and also supply soldiers for the roman army. In return, Rome permit them save their customs, money and also local government. Rome even gave citizenship come the couple of privileged groups amongst the overcame people. Others came to be partial citizens that were enabled to marry Romans and carry on trade in Rome.
1. Rome had a loyal, well-trained army made up of citizen-soldiers2. Rome developed military roads to connect other places to Rome
The worry was over whether the senate or the well-known political leader should organize power. The senate wanted to store the federal government the way it was and also the renowned political leaders want to weaken the senate and also enact reforms.
- left the senate and created a trained civil service to enforce its laws- high level jobs were open to males with talent, regardless of their class- guarantee the allegiance of cities and provinces by permitting them self-government- bespeak a census to make the tax system much more fair- set up a postal service and made brand-new coins come make profession easier- placed the unemployed to job-related making roads and also temples and sent others to farm
Roman Republic:-Two consuls (held equal power)-Dictator (came over time of emergency)-Senate (had a the majority of power)-Popular assemblies (military and nonmilitary)Roman Empire:-Emperor (complete power)-Senate (had little power)
Positive-great riches from conquests and trade-created a new class of rich Romans -defensible borders -more human being to pay taxes -slaves to occupational the landNegative-widening gap between rich and also poor resulted in riots-use of servant labor and also imports of serial drove small farmers the end of business-increased corruption-caused war


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