Google,provider of a search engine, video hosting platcreate (YouTube), and news aggregator,makes its money from proclaiming, yet exactly how perform advertisers understand wright here to spfinish thatmoney? Google collects information on thesearcs performed by its individuals, among other methods. Unfavor Google Analytics, which showsadvertisers their rerotate on investment, Google Trends offers data on searchterms for Search Engine Optimization.Although occurred as a marketing tool, Google Trends offers free onlineinformation that the public can use to pry into the search behavior of its individuals on alarge scale, i.e., “significant information.”

GoogleTrends is a general-interemainder tool, not to the requirements of scholarly scientificstudy, yet it deserve to be beneficial to researchers and librarians for severalpurposes:

For collectionmanagement, to recognize which topics might be even more or much less useful in the collection.To assess theusefulness of potential brand-new subject headings or authority records.For search engineoptimization, to pick tags or text to boost discovercapacity.To help researchersthat want to select a topic that will certainly be of interemainder beyond academia.As a referencetool to find connected search terms that could boost keyword looking.

You are watching: How to cite google trends

For example, interest in symphony orchestras deserve to serve as a barometer for public interest in classical music. Google Trends delivers graphic representations of information over time (which can be specified in the search) and also by “subregion” (for international data) or state (for United States data). Example 1 mirrors the results of a compariboy of searches for a number of orchestras with complete seasons of concerts and comprehensive recording contracts: New York Philharmonic (blue), Los Angeles Philharmonic (red), the Chicearlier Symphony Orchestra (yellow), the Boston Symphony Orchestra (green), and the Dallas Symphony Orchestra (purple). All of these searches are “topic” searches according to Google’s methodology. These are curated terms that feature choose Library of Congress Subject headings. “Search terms” are keyword searcs which mainly yield fewer outcomes as soon as there is an accessible topic. Google screens a caveat when a comparison consists of both “topics” and “search terms.”

TheNew York Philharmonic is the most-searched of the five, though interest has actually declinedto a level relatively equal to the others:



Switchingfrom “Internet Search” to “YouTube Search” instantly changes the beginning dateto January 1, 2008 bereason Google has no data from before that day. (Example 1a)



Example 1b


Amap mirrors the relative frequency by “subregion,” which is the state level inthe situation of the United States. GoogleTrends adjusts local data according to search volume, so it’s not aone-for-one comparison:

Google Trends normalizes search data to make comparisonsin between terms much easier. Search results are normalized to the moment and also location ofa query by the complying with process:

Each data suggest is separated by the total searches of the geography and time array it represents to compare relative popularity. Otherwise, places through the a lot of search volume would always be ranked highest possible.The resulting numbers are then scaled on a selection of 0 to 100 based upon a topic’s propercent to all searcs on all topics.Different regions that show the exact same search interest for a term don’t always have actually the same total search volumes.

Color coding mirrors the orchestra through the many interest, and the highest level of interemainder is suggested by the deepest saturation on the map. Predictably, the house state is the the majority of deeply saturated for each orchestra. To the appropriate, the user deserve to type by interest level for any type of of the 5 search terms, and also a bar chart reflects the family member distribution of interemainder for each state. The second-many searched orchestra in New York was the Boston Symphony Orchestra, and the second-most searched orchestra in Massachusetts was the New York Philharmonic. Connectireduced, wedged between the 2 claims, mirrors that searchers are more divided between the two. Example 2


Belowthis map, a series of maps shows family member interemainder for each search alone, againthrough higher saturation representing more interest. For these maps, the best side reflects a listof associated queries. In the instance of theLos Angeles Philharmonic (Example 3), related queries include its conductor, GustavoDudamel, and also information about concerts:



Google Trends limits comparisons to 5 terms ortopics, but tright here is a workaround for adding comparisons. The outcomes can be downloaded as a .csv file,so a researcher deserve to use a prevalent search term as a prevalent denominator to mergemultiple searches to capture more terms.Example 4 shows the New York Philharmonic compared to four differentorchestras for the same period:



Evenif the New York Philharmonic were not when aacquire topping the chart at “100” forboth sets of compariboy, downloading and install this data as .csv file allows for furtheranalysis utilizing Microsoft Excel or various other software to integrate the 2 data sets. Thiscapcapacity renders feasible different graphic display screens also. To develop the table in Example 5, Idownloaded the values from the initially search, then replicated the downloaded valuesfrom the second search to the initially spreadsheet, and also deleted one iteration ofthe New York Philharmonic results. Thespreadsheet adds granularity to the information as well:



Itotaled the outcomes, then provided this information to create a simple bar chart (Example 5a):



Adrawearlier to Google Trends is that data visualization works well just once theoutcomes are within a relatively narrowhead array.When comparing searcs for the New York Philharmonic with searcs forother Amerideserve to orchestras, the resulting graph is illustrative, however when thereis a large disparity of interest, tempdental depiction of alters for a lesser-searchedterm disshow up.

Example6 shows that as soon as comparing the New York Philharmonic to Beyoncé, one of themany well-known mass-market musical artists in the world, the searches for the NewYork Philharmonic are reduced to a fairly flat line at the bottom of thegraph:



Example6a, shows that searcs for President Donald Trump dwarf both the orchestra andthe singer:



GoogleTrends is a general-interest tool, not to the requirements of scholarly scientificresearch study, but it deserve to be helpful to researchers and librarians for severalpurposes:

For collectionmanagement, to know which topics might be even more or much less useful in the collectionTo assess theusefulness of potential brand-new topic headings or authority recordsFor search engineoptimization, to choose tags or message to enhance discoverabilityTo help researchersthat want to select a topic that will be of interest beyond academiaAs a referencetool to discover associated search terms that could boost keyword searching

Ihave actually currently uncovered it helpful as a repertoire management tool:

In 2016, having actually purchased a selection of K-Pop CDs and also publications as a result of neighborhood interemainder, I wanted to view if interest was waning. (It wasn’t)When selecting in between TAB (tablature) and also notated versions of guitar music, I discovered that interest in TAB is waning but notation is not.When deciding whether to purchase even more ukulele music and also much less guitar music, I searched independently for fads in YouTube, Shopping, and also basic internet looking. I learned that guitar interemainder is declining and ukulele interemainder is climbing. And indeed, all the ukulele scores I purchased have circulated, some during the first week they were available!After the death of an essential composer, I wondered whether I would have to buy more or fewer scores of his works. Comparing outcomes for composers from five different countries that had actually died in current years, I found that tright here is a spike in interest only in their own countries and only for a short time after their deaths. I determined against ordering extra scores for these composers.

See more: It Comes Back To You Imagine Dragons, It Comes Back To You

Google’sinformation sets will only grow over time, making it a richer resource of information withadditional offers. In ten years my fivedeceased composers may indeed find posthumous popularity, and also if TABexperiences a rebirth of interest in Indiana, I will certainly think about ordering moreguitar music in TAB format. It is aresource to store in mind. Just knowingof its presence has actually carried questions to my mind that I would certainly not otherwisehave actually thought about.