Would you like to recognize about Spanish numbers, and how to count from 1-100 in Spanish?
In this write-up, I share every little thing you need to recognize around numbers in Spanish. I cover what the Spanish numbers are, examples of how to usage them, and so a lot more.
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In instance you were wondering exactly how to say “numbers” in Spanish, it’s números. The word for “number” in Spanish is número.
So, let"s learn some números, founding through Spanish cardinal numbers!
Spanish for Numbers 1-10
Let"s start through the basics. Here are the cardinal numbers in Spanish from 1-10:
1 – uno2 – dos3 – tres4 – cuatro5 – cinco6 – seis7 – siete8 – ocho9 – nueve10 – diez
1 – 100 Spanish Numbers
Now for the Spanish numbers 1 to 100. After you"ve check out these, I"ll define some tricks for remembering them.
|1 uno||2 dos||3 tres||4 cuatro||5 cinco|
|6 seis||7 siete||8 ocho||9 nueve||10 diez|
|11 once||12 doce||13 trece||14 catorce||15 quince|
|16 dieciséis||17 diecisiete||18 dieciocho||19 diecinueve||20 veinte|
|21 veintiuno||22 veintidós||23 veintitrés||24 veinticuatro||25 veinticinco|
|26 veintiséis||27 veintisiete||28 veintiocho||29 veintinueve||30 treinta|
|31 treinta y uno||32 treinta y dos||33 treinta y tres||34 treinta y cuatro||35 treinta y cinco|
|36 treinta y seis||37 treinta y siete||38 treinta y ocho||39 treinta y nueve||40 cuarenta|
|41 cuarenta y uno||42 cuarenta y dos||43 cuarenta y tres||44 cuarenta y cuatro||45 cuarenta y cinco|
|46 cuarenta y seis||47 cuarenta y siete||48 cuarenta y ocho||49 cuarenta y nueve||50 cincuenta|
|51 cincuenta y uno||52 cincuenta y dos||53 cincuenta y tres||54 cincuenta y cuatro||55 cincuenta y cinco|
|56 cincuenta y seis||57 cincuenta y siete||58 cincuenta y ocho||59 cincuenta y nueve||60 sesenta|
|61 sesenta y uno||62 sesenta y dos||63 sesenta y tres||64 sesenta y cuatro||65 sesenta y cinco|
|66 sesenta y seis||67 sesenta y siete||68 sesenta y ocho||69 sesenta y nueve||70 setenta|
|71 setenta y uno||72 setenta y dos||73 setenta y tres||74 setenta y cuatro||75 setenta y cinco|
|76 setenta y seis||77 setenta y siete||78 setenta y ocho||79 setenta y nueve||80 ochenta|
|81 ochenta y uno||82 ochenta y dos||83 ochenta y tres||84 ochenta y cuatro||85 ochenta y cinco|
|86 ochenta y seis||87 ochenta y siete||88 ochenta y ocho||89 ochenta y nueve||90 noventa|
|91 noventa y uno||92 noventa y dos||93 noventa y tres||94 noventa y cuatro||95 noventa y cinco|
|96 noventa y seis||97 noventa y siete||98 noventa y ocho||99 noventa y nueve||100 cien|
Take a look and also try to spot the fads. I recommend you follow these measures to get all the numbers into your head:Discover the numbers for 1-15. There"s no real pattern, you just need to learn them: uno, dos, tres, cuatro, cinco, seis, siete, ocho, nueve, diez, once, doce, trece, catorce, quince. Discover the numbers for the multiples of ten: veinte, treinta, cuarenta, cincuenta, sesenta, setenta, ochenta, noventa. A few tips to help you remember: • Other than veinte, they all finish in -enta • Other than veinte (again), they all have actually a clear connection with the associated smaller sized number: cuatro cuarenta, ocho ochenta, and so on.
Then, you have the right to fill in the gaps via a basic formula:For numbers from 16-19, take the rightmany digit and also say “diez + y + (digit)”. E.g. 17 = “diez + y + siete” = “diez y siete”, which contracts to diecisiete. This is much choose exactly how in English 16 is “six-ten” i.e. “sixteen”.For numbers over twenty, ssuggest take the “tens” number (veinte, treinta, and so on.) and the “ones” number (uno, dos, and so on.) and also stick y (“and”) in the middle. E.g. 31 = “thirty and one” = treinta y uno.The just added point to be conscious of is that numbers from 21-29 get contracted into a single word – so instead of “veinte y cuatro”, it"s “veinticuatro”.
Finally, don’t forget:zero – cero (this one must be basic to remember!)100 – cien (note the connect through English words favor “century” or “percent“.)
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Counting Spanish Numbers 1 – 1000+
For numbers from 100 to 199, usage ciento:101 – ciento uno129 – ciento veintinueve195 – ciento noventa y cinco
(Note that you do not have to include y after ciento – it"s ciento uno, not ciento y uno.)
For numbers from 200 to 999, you have to first learn the multiples of 100.200 – doscientos300 – trescientos400 – cuatrocientos500 – quinientos600 – seiscientos700 – setecientos800 – ochocientos900 – novecientos
These numbers have actually masculine and also feminine develops, and so they should agree with the noun:setecientas personas – “seven hundred people”ochocientos libros = “eight hundred books”
The just 2 brand-new words you must learn are mil (1,000) and un millón (1,000,000).
Note: 1,000 is mil, not un mil. For un millón, you can"t leave out the un.
The just time you"ll check out un mil is in numbers prefer cuarenta y un mil (41,000). You should put an un in this number to identify it from cuarenta mil (40,000).
Forming brand-new numbers with mil and also un millón is pretty straightforward as well:1,000 – mil1,001 – mil uno (not “mil y uno”!)1,686 – mil seiscientos ochenta y seis2,001 – dos mil uno20,000 – veinte mil100,000 – cien mil483,382 – cuatrocientos ochenta y tres mil trescientos ochenta y dos1,000,000 – un millón6,492,000 – seis millones cuatrocientos noventa y dos mil
Finally, note that once you"re using un millón or millones with a noun, you should usage de. For instance, “one million books” is un millón de libros. Literally, “one million of books”.
Billions and also Trillions in Spanish (They’re Not What You Think)
What do you think the Spanish words billón and trillón mean? Did you guess “billion” and “trillion”? Sadly, points aren"t that simple.
In the English-speaking people, a “billion” is one thousand millions (1,000,000,000) and a “trillion” is one thousand also billions (1,000,000,000,000). In various other words, eincredibly “action up” involves multiplying by 1,000.
Not everyone does it like this! Our method is called the “short scale” numbering device. But many countries about the civilization – including most Spanish-speaking countries – usage the “lengthy scale” system.
In this device, a “billion” is one million millions, and also a “trillion” is one million billions. Rather than multiplying by a thousand also each time, you multiply by a million.
So Spanish words prefer billón don"t “complement up” via their English countercomponents prefer you might expect:un millón – one million = 1,000,000un millardo (or “mil millones”) – one billion = 1,000,000,000un billón – one trillion = 1,000,000,000,000mil billones – one quadrillion = 1,000,000,000,000,000un trillón – one quintillion = 1,000,000,000,000,000,000
(By the way, in the past, Amerideserve to English provided the short-range system while British English offered the long-scale device. This is no longer true – all dialects of English currently usage the short-range device.)
How Do You Pronounce Spanish Numbers?
So just how execute you say Spanish numbers? If you have actually trouble pronouncing the words, then take a listen to this video:
Spanish for “One”: Un, Uno, or Una?
Spanish doesn"t differentiate between “one” and also “a” in the exact same means that English does. Un libro deserve to mean “a book” or “one book”.
When you think around it, those 2 phrases mean the same thing; the only distinction is in focus.
But the word uno transforms to enhance the gender of the noun it describes. Before a feminine noun, it becomes una. Before a masculine noun, you drop the o and simply use un.
Some examples:Un libro – “a book/one book”. Drop the “o” from uno because it"s complied with by a masculine noun.Una mesa – “a table/one table”. Change uno to una bereason it"s complied with by a feminine noun.Tengo uno – “I have one”. Uno is unchanged because it"s not complied with by a noun.“¿Hay preguntas?” “Solo una.” – “Any questions?” “Only one”. In this instance, you usage una bereason you"re referring to a pregunta (“question”), which is a feminine word.
Spanish for 100: Cien or Ciento?
The number 100 have the right to be translated right into Spanish as either cien or ciento. What"s the difference?
You should use cien as soon as you have actually precisely one hundred of something:Cien personas – one hundred peopleCien libros – one hundred books
Use ciento as part of a larger number, prefer ciento uno for “one hundred and one”.
Breaking Up Spanish Numbers: Dots or Commas?
In English, it"s typical to break up significant numbers via a comma eextremely three digits to aid readability. So instead of composing “1048710123901”, we write “1,048,710,123,901”.
We additionally mark the decimal point through a dot, so “one half” is “0.5”.
Be careful! In Spanish-speaking countries – as in many various other components of the world – these conventions are reversed. They use a comma for decimals and also break up huge numbers via dots. Or, they put a room in between eincredibly 3 digits.
So my 2 examples over would be composed as “1.048.710.123.901” (or “1 048 710 123 901”) and also “0,5”.
How to Say “…and a Half” in Spanish
In English, we often abbreviate the names of numbers by saying “… and also a half”, “… and a third”, and also so on.
So rather of saying “two thousand 5 hundred”, an English speaker might say “2 and a fifty percent thousand”. Instead of “one million five hundred thousand”, they might say “one and also a half million”.
I often alert Spanish world gaining this wrong as soon as they soptimal English. They put the “and also a half” in the wrong place – rather of saying (for example) “one and also a half million”, they say “one million and also a half”. That"s bereason they"re translating straight from exactly how they"d say in Spanish – un millón y medio.
Try not to make the opposite mistake when you speak Spanish. Say un millón y medio, not un y medio millón.
Ordinal Numbers in Spanish
So far I’ve only talked around cardinal numbers – one, 2, 3, and so on. You also should learn the ordinal numbers – first, second, third, fourth, etc.
Here are the first ten:
Ordinal numbers are adjectives that should agree through the noun. But unchoose most Spanish adjectives, they go before the noun, not after:el segunexecute libro – “the second book”las primperiods flores – “the first flowers”
Note that primero and tercero drop the “o” before a singular masculine noun:el primer día – “the initially day”el tercer hijo – “the 3rd son”
To develop ordinal numbers above 10, you need to learn the numbers for the multiples of ten:
Then fill in the gaps by combining numbers from the over 2 tables, such as vigésimo segundo for “22nd”.
Remember that both components of the number need to agree via the noun: “the 2second person” would be la vigésima segunda persona.
For numbers from “11th” to “19th”, it’s even more prevalent to create them as one word than 2. Such as decimoprimero for “11th”.
Instances of How to Use Spanish Numbers
You’ve learned the numbers, but how do you use them? After all, there are many kind of instances wbelow we use numbers everyday. Things like time, the day, our age, etc.
So right here are some examples to help you gain started:
Time:1:10 – la una treinta3:25 – las tres vienticinco
Date:September 10 – el diez de septiembreJanuary 1 – el primero de enero
Age:10 years old – (tener) diez años37 years old – (tener) treinta y siete
As Adjectives:Two books – dos libros300 flowers – trescientas flores
Prices:$2.20 – dos
Math:3 + 3 = 6 – tres más tres boy seis10 – 2 = 8 – diez menos dos kid ocho
Numbers in Spanish: How Do You Discover Them?
Here’s a funny story around Spanish numbers:
In 2008 the Amerihave the right to football player Chad Johnboy legally changed his last name to “Ochocinco”. This brand-new moniker was a reference to his jersey number: 85. The trouble – as you’ll now recognize – is that ocho-cinco does not expect “eighty-five”. The correct Spanish is ochenta y cinco. It"s unwell-known whether Chad actually was conscious of this mistake when he made the name readjust. (In 2012, he changed his last name earlier to “Johnson”.)
Now you’ve check out this article, you’re not going to make a mistake prefer that.
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Next off, you deserve to learn the 101 core Spanish words to start speaking fast. Or spice up your Spanish via synonyms.