In Dorico Pro, the stem direction of notes and chords complies with rules that are based on the conventions of music engraving.

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Stem direction is established instantly, however you deserve to manually change the stem direction of individual notes, chords, or of a whole voice. The rules that are applied depfinish on the following:

How many voices are active on the staff.

Whether notes, chords, or beamed teams of notes are affected.

Whether notes in the very same chord or notes in the very same beamed group are split between staves.

Single notes in single voices

On a five-line staff via only a solitary voice active, the default stem direction of a solitary note is determined by its staff position.

If the note is above the middle line, its stem points downwards.

If the note is listed below the middle line, its stem points upwards.

If the note is on the middle line of the staff, its stem direction is identified by the stem directions of any kind of nearby notes, beam teams, or chords. If they both have actually the same stem direction, the note matches them. If the surrounding notes, beam teams, or chords have actually different stem directions, or if tright here are no surrounding notes, beam teams, or chords, the note adheres to the default stem direction.

The default stem direction depends on the instrument form. By default, the stems of notes on the middle lines of staves point downwards on crucial staves and also upwards on vocal staves, to avoid lyrics.


Tip

You can adjust the default stem direction for notes and beam groups on the middle lines of staves, and also equally balanced chords, in the Stems section of the Notes page in Engraving Options. You deserve to additionally choose whether they follow your default stem direction or adjust according to the musical conmessage.


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Figure: Notes on the middle line are stem up because the fourth note is stem up

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Figure: Notes on the middle line are stem down because the fourth note is stem down


By default, notes are first input right into an up-stem voice, and Dorico Pro treats notes as the just voice on the staff until you input more voices.

Single notes in multiple voices

When tright here are multiple voices on a staff and also all voices contain notes, the stem direction of notes is determined by the stem direction of their voice. Notes in up-stem voices have actually up stems, and notes in down-stem voices have actually down stems. This uses even when the stems of notes would certainly usually suggest in the various other direction, based on their place on the staff.


Note

The order in which notes show up between different up-stem voices and different down-stem voices depends on their pitch and also your settings on the Voices web page in Write > Notation Options. You can additionally change the voice column index of notes individually.


When tright here are only notes in one voice for at least a totality bar, Dorico Pro automatically transforms the directions of stems so they suggest in the default direction for their pitch. For example, if a staff has a solitary up-stem voice and a single down-stem voice yet only the down-stem voice consists of notes or rests, then the stems of notes in the down-stem voice might suggest upwards, relying on the position of the notes on the staff. However, mirroring rests or implicit rests in empty voices pressures the stem direction of notes to follow the stem direction of their voice.


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Figure: Notes in an up-stem voice presented in blue.

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Figure: Notes in a down-stem voice displayed in purple. The stems point upwards despite being in a down-stem voice because tright here are no various other voices.

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Figure: When notes in up-stem and also down-stem voices are in the same bar, the stem direction is automatically adjusted.


Chords in single voices

The stem direction for a chord in a single voice is identified by the balance of notes above/listed below the middle line of the staff.

If the note furthest from the middle line is over the middle line, the stem of the chord points downwards.

If the note furthest from the middle line is below the middle line, the stem of the chord points upwards.

If the chord is equally well balanced on either side of the middle line of the staff, the stem direction is figured out by the stem directions of any type of surrounding notes, beam groups, or chords. If they both have the very same stem direction, the chord matches them. If the nearby notes, beam teams, or chords have actually various stem directions, equally well balanced chords follow the default stem direction.

The default stem direction counts on the instrument type. By default, the stems of notes on the middle lines of staves point downwards on important staves and upwards on vocal staves, to prevent lyrics.


Tip

You deserve to readjust the default stem direction for notes and also beam groups on the middle lines of staves, and also equally well balanced chords, in the Stems area of the Notes web page in Engraving Options. You have the right to likewise pick whether they follow your default stem direction or change according to the musical context.


Beam teams in single voices

The stem direction within beam teams is determined by the balance of notes within the beam team that are above/listed below the middle line of the staff.

If the majority of notes in the beam team are over the middle line, stems in the beam team allude downwards.

If the majority of notes in the beam group are listed below the middle line, stems in the beam team allude upwards.

If the beam team includes an equal variety of notes either side of the middle line of the staff, the stem direction is established by the stem directions of any type of surrounding notes, beam groups, or chords. If they both have actually the exact same stem direction, the beam team matches them. If the adjacent notes, beam groups, or chords have various stem directions, equally balanced beam teams follow the default stem direction.

The default stem direction relies on the instrument type. By default, the stems of notes on the middle lines of staves point downwards on instrumental staves and upwards on vocal staves, to prevent lyrics.

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Tip

You have the right to adjust the default stem direction for notes and also beam teams on the middle lines of staves, and equally balanced chords, in the Stems section of the Notes page in Engraving Options. You have the right to also pick whether they follow your default stem direction or change according to the musical conmessage.