In Dorico Pro, the stem direction that notes and chords complies with rules that are based upon the conventions the music engraving.

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Stem direction is determined automatically, yet you can manually change the stem direction of separation, personal, instance notes, chords, or of whole voice. The rules the are used depend top top the following:

How plenty of voices are active on the staff.

Whether notes, chords, or beamed teams of notes space affected.

Whether notes in the very same chord or notes in the same beamed group are split between staves.

Single notes in single voices

On a five-line staff with just a solitary voice active, the default stem direction of a solitary note is established by its staff position.

If the keep in mind is over the middle line, that stem point out downwards.

If the keep in mind is below the middle line, that is stem points upwards.

If the note is on the middle line that the staff, its stem direction is established by the stem directions of any surrounding notes, beam groups, or chords. If castle both have the exact same stem direction, the note matches them. If the nearby notes, beam groups, or chords have different stem directions, or if there room no adjacent notes, beam groups, or chords, the note follows the default stem direction.

The default stem direction depends on the instrument type. By default, the tribe of note on the center lines the staves point downwards on instrumental staves and also upwards on vocal staves, to protect against lyrics.


Tip

You can adjust the default stem direction because that notes and also beam teams on the center lines that staves, and equally balanced chords, in the Stems section of the Notes page in engraving Options. Friend can additionally choose whether they follow your default stem direction or readjust according come the music context.


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Figure: notes on the center line room stem up because the 4th note is stem up

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Figure: note on the center line room stem down due to the fact that the 4th note is stem down


By default, note are very first input into an up-stem voice, and also Dorico agree treats notes together the only voice top top the staff until you input more voices.

Single note in multiple voices

When there are multiple voices on a staff and all voices save on computer notes, the stem direction of note is identified by the stem direction of your voice. Note in up-stem voices have up stems, and also notes in down-stem voices have actually down stems. This applies even as soon as the tribe of notes would certainly normally point in the various other direction, based on their position on the staff.


Note

The order in i m sorry notes show up between different up-stem voices and also different down-stem voices relies on their pitch and also your settings on the Voices web page in compose > Notation Options. You deserve to also readjust the voice pillar index of note individually.


When over there are only notes in one voice for at least a totality bar, Dorico Pro instantly changes the direction of stems for this reason they point in the default direction for their pitch. For example, if a staff includes a solitary up-stem voice and a solitary down-stem voice but only the down-stem voice consists of notes or rests, climate the trunk of note in the down-stem voice may point upwards, depending upon the place of the notes on the staff. However, showing rests or implicitly rests in north voices pressures the stem direction of note to monitor the stem direction of your voice.


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Figure: note in an up-stem voice presented in blue.

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Figure: notes in a down-stem voice shown in purple. The stems point upwards regardless of being in a down-stem voice due to the fact that there are no various other voices.

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Figure: when notes in up-stem and down-stem voices room in the very same bar, the stem direction is immediately changed.


Chords in solitary voices

The stem direction for a chord in a solitary voice is established by the balance of note above/below the middle line that the staff.

If the note furthest native the middle line is over the center line, the stem that the chord points downwards.

If the keep in mind furthest indigenous the center line is listed below the middle line, the stem that the chord point out upwards.

If the chord is equally well balanced on either side of the center line of the staff, the stem direction is identified by the stem direction of any adjacent notes, beam groups, or chords. If castle both have actually the same stem direction, the chord matches them. If the adjacent notes, beam groups, or chords have various stem directions, equally well balanced chords monitor the default stem direction.

The default stem direction counts on the instrument type. By default, the tribe of notes on the center lines that staves point downwards on crucial staves and also upwards top top vocal staves, to avoid lyrics.


Tip

You can readjust the default stem direction because that notes and also beam groups on the center lines that staves, and equally balanced chords, in the Stems section of the Notes web page in sculpture Options. Girlfriend can also choose whether they follow her default stem direction or readjust according come the music context.


Beam teams in solitary voices

The stem direction within beam teams is identified by the balance of note within the beam team that are above/below the middle line that the staff.

If the majority of notes in the beam team are over the middle line, stems in the beam group suggest downwards.

If the bulk of notes in the beam group are listed below the middle line, trunk in the beam group point upwards.

If the beam group consists of an equal number of notes either next of the middle line that the staff, the stem direction is determined by the stem direction of any nearby notes, beam groups, or chords. If castle both have actually the exact same stem direction, the beam team matches them. If the surrounding notes, beam groups, or chords have different stem directions, equally well balanced beam groups follow the default stem direction.

The default stem direction depends on the tool type. By default, the stems of note on the center lines the staves suggest downwards on crucial staves and upwards top top vocal staves, to stop lyrics.

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Tip

You can readjust the default stem direction because that notes and also beam teams on the middle lines of staves, and also equally balanced chords, in the Stems ar of the Notes web page in engraving Options. You can likewise choose whether they follow her default stem direction or adjust according to the musical context.