Since carbon atoms space tetravalent (able to kind four bonds), atoms might branch turn off a carbon atom in as numerous as 4 places. The ability of a carbon atom to kind four different bonds permits carbon to kind many different sizes and types of molecules. Carbon atoms may form chains, rings, or combine of chains and also rings. The tetravalence that carbon provides it specifically well-suited to creating the backbone the a vast diversity of essential molecules.

You are watching: The molecule shown here contains four functional groups.

Highlight every the atom of the four useful groups, but do not highlight any bonds. When you click each atom, that will adjust color. Come deselect one atom, click on it again. Prior to you submit, inspect that you have not selected any bonds.
A functional group is a team of atom bonded with each other in a specific means that deserve to replace a hydrogen atom in a hydrocarbon. The molecule displayed here includes four functional teams (−OH , −SH , −NH2 , and also −OPO2−3 ) attached come a carbon chain the is 6 carbon atom long.

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Term Functional groups confer details chemical properties to the molecules of i beg your pardon they space a part. In this activity, girlfriend will recognize which compound exhibit details chemical properties and also examples that those six various compounds.
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