Religious reform movement within the Catholic Church beginning in 1517 with Martin Luther"s 95 Theses. It split the Roman Catholic Church and resulted in the "protesters" forming several new Christian denominations, including the Lutheran, Calvinist, and Anglican Churches, among many others.

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A reform movement against the Catholic Church because of corruption and practices that began in 1517 and it resulted in the creation of Protestant churches.
The act of banishing a member of the Catholic Church from receiving the sacrament of communion and the privileges of the Church. No sacraments, then no Heaven! Popes used it to control kings and gain power and wealth
Purchasing a certificate from the Catholic Church that implied that a person or a family member could be released from their punishment for sin in purgatory. A major cause of the Reformation. Martin Luther and many Protestants were opposed to the sale of these.
Excommunication, Illiteracy, Chastity (Sex), Luxury & Leisure (Too wealthy), Indulgences, Simony, Nepotism, Absenteeism. The Church was to powerful! They couldn"t control themselves!
(1) Renaissance allowed people to question or challenge authority. (2) The Renaissance emphasized secularism or separating the church and state. (3) Catholic corruption (4) Martin Luther"s 95 Theses
A German monk who, in 1517, took a public stand against Catholic corruption and the sale of indulgences by nailing his 95 Theses to the door of the castle church in Wittenburg. He believed that people did not need priests or the Pope to interpret the Bible for them and people needed faith alone to recieve salvation. His actions started the Reformation.
A corrupt Pope who began to sell indulgences to raise money to rebuild St. Peter"s Church in Rome. He tried to get Luther to recant his criticisms of the church and condemned him as an outlaw and a heretic. He banned Protestant ideas and excommunicated Martin Luther from the Catholic Church.
Martin Luther"s ideas that he posted on the church door at Wittenburg which questioned the corruption and practices of the Catholic Church. His biggest criticism was the selling of indulgences. This act started the Reformation!
He was the Holy Roman Emperor who controlled Spain, the Netherlands, Southern Italy, Austria, and parts of Germany. He tried to stop Protestantism and increase the power of Catholicism. He allied himself with Pope Leo X to maintain religious unity in Europe. He was preoccupied with wars and could not solely focus on the rise of Protestantism in Germany.
(1) Indulgences are invalid (2) Faith alone for salvation (3) The Bible was greater then the Pope (4) Practice only 2 sacraments (5) Translate the bible into Vernacular (common language) so people could study it for themselves (6) Priests can marry (7) Simplify the church (8) all people are equal in the eyes of God.
Charles V declared Martin Luther an outlaw within the empire and his works were to be burned and Luther himself captured and delivered to the Pope.
A German peasants protest in the name of Luther and his teachings. The peasants wanted better wages and working conditions including the end of serfdom. Luther was disgraced by the peasants actions and violence and called them "un-Christian".
An agreement between Charles V and the Protestant Princes in Germany. It ended the religious wars. The division of Christianity in Germany was formally acknowledged. Princes got to pick if their lands would be Protestant or Catholic. Lutheranism was granted an equal legal standing with Catholicism.
The Frenchman that was influenced by Martin Luther and he became a highly influential Protestant leader. He established a theocracy in the Geneva and is best known for his theory of predestination. The Bible is the sole word of God and he helped create the protestant work ethic.

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Calvinist idea that said God had already chosen who will be saved and become Christian and he who will go to hell. People had no say in the matter.
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