Daniel has actually a bachelor's degree in background from CSUF. While loving all elements of background, there’s constantly those special moments in background.

You are watching: What is one geographic advantage the south had over the north?


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Union Win was not Inevitable

The Lost Cause tradition is a popular myth of the Amerihave the right to Civil War that believes that the South was never before able to win the war. However, it is generally welcomed among modern-day historians that the South had actually a really excellent opportunity at winning, specifically at the beginning of the war, as a result of many benefits. This short article will certainly study exactly how the physiological, geographical, and also leadership benefits of the South verified to have a very decisive roll in the battle. There was nopoint unpreventable around the North winning the battle, the Confederacy's many advantages showed that the Amerideserve to Civil War would certainly be a lengthy, bloody war that the Union would have to fight greatly tough to win.


The Psychological Advantage

The South had actually exponential advantages going into the battle, the majority of of which ended up being obvious in the initially few projects. The first and also most well seen benefit at the start of the war was the psychological advantage; the Southerner's residence was being attacked and they required to protect themselves, their families, and their way of living. A Confedeprice soldier was asked why he is fighting against the Union soldiers and also simply responded, "because they are dvery own here". The South experienced the war as an act of Northern aggression as well as a battle of freedom, and their fight against the Union was essential to defend their dwellings from the invading North. It appears as the Confederacy continued to acquire momentum via each victory as they even more or much less overcame the battlearea and came reasonably close to marching on Washington. Even after Gettysburg, which many mention as the turning allude in the battle (however is the topic of historic debate), ethical among Southern troops stayed high prior to it gradually dwindled through each brand-new Union victory. But for the first years of the war the South appeared almost unstoppable and their confidence was prstove via many victories.


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The Confedeprices had the attitude that their reason in the battle was best, and that the battle was one of Northern Aggression. This sentiment have the right to still be seen and felt now in some of the Southern says.


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The Shenandoah Valley, circled in red, proved to be a very reliable herbal defense as plenty of Union troops were compelled into the fatal funnel wright here they met their demise from strong strengthened Confederate positions throughout the valley.


The Geographic Advantage

The second advantage the Confederacy had actually against the Union was the location of the South. The landscape of the southern claims not only gave organic defenses however likewise an financial benefit. Mountains, swamps, and also rivers identified the geography of the southern states, which proved quickly defensible and provided the North good difficulty in proceeding across the terrain. Also, the South was an farming culture due to the climate and productive lands. Cash plants such as tobacco and cotton flourimelted in the southern plantations and also through cotton in such high demand also because of the industrializing people and the thriving textile industries, the chop ended up being a money tree for southern culture. Cotton was likewise used as a diplomatic tool as at this time about two-thirds of the world's cotton came from the Amerihave the right to South. The Confederacy would actually use this diplomatic benefit in trying to obtain the support of the British, which consequently would gain the support of the French. However before, the blockade the Union imposed on Southern ports along with continuous Union pressure brought about the two countries to hesitate their allegiance until the North won multiple campaigns and also basically secured a Union victory in 1865 at which allude the two countries experienced no point in getting connected. Had they recognized the Confederacy and joined the war on their befifty percent, the United States might be exceptionally various this day.


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The Shenandoah Valley was a prime instance of the geography of the Amerihave the right to South as the valley was surrounded by vast ridges and also provided a solid organic defense for the Confederacy.


The Leadership Advantage

Lastly, the South had actually the advantage of solid management. Many type of Southern political and also armed forces leaders were graduates of the military academy at West Point, and also veterans of battles such as the Mexican-American War. While the Union struggled for the initially few years of the battle to uncover solid leaders that would fight the enemy and also avoid political involvement, Jefferkid Davis showed to be a really effective leader in politics while Robert E. Lee and also "Stonewall" Jackson were bringing good army victories to the Confederacy without hesitation or political aspirations. On the various other hand Union leaders such as General McClellan, showed poor tactical decisions and also were even more interested in politics and also their future careers rather than fighting the battle they were in. Until the Lincoln can figure out how to arrange the generalship of his Union army, Ulysses S. Grant being his saving grace in turning the Union army around in 1864, the Confederate army would certainly ssuggest encounter victory after victory all while their soldiers and leaders are acquiring useful combat suffer. Although the Confederacy had a strong core of leaders at the beginning of the battle, management would certainly prove to be problematic in the later years. The primary trouble developed between Davis' and Lee's ideological background on exactly how to win the war. Davis advocated for victory by not losing, which entailed the Confederacy defending the South till the North had actually exhausted their will certainly to fight and settled for tranquility. On the other hand also, Lee promoted for victory by victory, or losing by not winning, which supposed that victory was only attainable by completely defeating the Union and recording Washington. Lee would be unable to attain this sort of victory as his losses in the war showed devastating as the South did not have the manpower to replace their casualties.


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The Confederacy entered the war through strong leaders that were so effective it appeared that they would certainly win the war till 1863, and also also after Gettysburg tbelow was still the opportunity of a Southern victory.


Conclusion

In conclusion, the South had many type of benefits which confirmed that Northern victory would be immensely hard. The geography provided the Confederacy organic defenses that hampered Union motion, while cotton gave the South great financial and also diplomatic leverage. Overall, the Southern mindset of deffinishing their lifestyle and their homes from the "Northern invaders" showed that tright here was nopoint inevitable around Northern victory in the Amerihave the right to Civil War. These advantages would certainly prove destructive against the Union as they tried, without a lot beforehand success, to gain back the United States and also would certainly expense the nation many lives by creating a variety of casualties that surpasses that of any type of war the USA has combated to day.


Questions & Answers

Question: What financial advantages did the North have actually over the South in Unites States' history?

Answer: The Union had actually the power of market and also made a lot from textiles, however the South's slavery drove the agricultural economy of the South as well as providing cotton for the North's textiles. However, even via the loss of their primary supply of cotton for textiles, the Union's power of market allowed them to keep the economy relatively steady and also store manufacturing going. Basically the North's economic climate was secure sufficient and also industrially strong enough to outcreate the dying Southern economic situation.


Comments

Daniel White (author) on June 08, 2018:

I'd say they all were, as was shown in the Confederacy's initial winning streak of fight after battle. The South appeared to have actually all their advantages at the ideal time as soon as the battle began, which took the Union a few years to get over as soon as the Union forged out their very own benefits. Also, these were all in the beginning of the war because in the direction of the finish of the war the South's ethical was dropping as their casualties ongoing to increase without males replacing those shed on the battlearea, the Union marched into and also began destroying some of the geographical advantages (the "burned earth" policy), and the South's leaders were being defeated, notably Stonewall Jackson as soon as he was killed by his own males on accident.


bob on June 06, 2018:

Which was an advantage for the South at the begin of the Civil War?

CJ Kelly from the PNW on May 29, 2016:

Great hub. I always assumed it was the perspective of the Confedeprice soldier (both officer & grunt). That's the just point that really sustained them after 1863. It's impressive they lasted as lengthy as they did. The Union overcame huge location beforehand in the War. They took Vicksburg, New Orleans and controlled the Mississippi by 1863.


Really good job. Shared almost everywhere.

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Daniel White (author) on May 28, 2016:

While the North did have actually a very flourishing industrial society emerging, the South's cotton sector was still inpractical bereason it sustained not only the North's sector but the world's, specifically in the prospering textile market. As for European nations supporting the Confederacy, slaexceptionally was not an worry. France had actually their interests in the South bereason of Napoleon III's interest in Mexico, and was even cshed to sfinishing French troops to support the south through Mexico. Also, the Haitian Radvancement still left bitter feelings over the freedom of servants for the French. Britain's interemainder was economical, largely via the textile and cotton industry which was sustained by the South's servants, and also also still sustained slaexceptionally till 1862 once the Afrideserve to Slave Trade Treaty Act suppressed the Atlantic Slave Trade for excellent. Thanks for your comments and also insight!

Howard Schneider from Parsippany, New Jersey on May 27, 2016:

Very interesting Hub concerning the advantages the Confederacy had in the time of the Civil War. I believe the psychological and geographical benefits of deffinishing your residence ground were the many key. It is true cotton was a really strong commodity for them however the North's all at once industrial riches complex much outweighed the cotton sector. It is true that some in Europe could have actually thought the concept of supporting the South to be a sound one, however in the finish they could not assistance a culture that was supporting slaextremely as way of living. Excellent project, Daniel.